Belarus
 
Official Name Republic of Belarus
President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko (1994 - present )
Total land area of Belarus 207,600 km²
 
Nationality of Belarus
  • Population – 9.7 million
  • Life expectancy at birth – 70.5 years
  • Population living in cities – 74%
  • The capital is Minsk – 1.8 million inhabitants
Regional centres of Belarus
  • Brest - 316,400 inhabitants
  • Vitebsk – 346,900 inhabitants
  • Gomel – 486,300 inhabitants
  • Grodno –332,000 inhabitants
  • Mogilev – 371,300 inhabitants
Ethnicity
  • Belarusian
  • Russian
  • Polish
  • Ukrainian
Languages spoken in Belarus Currency of Belarus
  • Belarusian, Russian and English
  • Belarusian rouble (Br)
Economic indicators
GNP (2009) Br136790 billion; per capita: Br14153 thousand
Commodity structure of export (2009): Commodity structure of import (2009):
  • Mineral products - 37.9%
  • Chemical industry production, rubber – 18,2%
  • Cars, equipment and vehicles – 15,7%
  • Black, nonferrous metals and products from them – 6,9%
  • Articles of food and agricultural raw materials – 10,8%
  • Others – 10,5%
  • Mineral products – 40, 3%
  • Chemical industry production, rubber – 12,4%
  • Cars, equipment and vehicles – 22,6%
  • Black, nonferrous metals and products from them – 8,8%
  • Articles of food and agricultural raw materials – 8,2%
  • Others – 7,7%
Main Business Partners of Belarus Main Industries of Belarus
  • Russia
  • Netherlands
  • Germany
  • Ukraine
  • Poland
  • Latvia
  • China
  • The UK
  • Italy
  • India
  • Metallurgical
  • Mechanical engineering, including tractors and agricultural, cars, machine-tool constructing and tool industry, instrument making, radio engineering, electro technical, electronic, optics-mechanical industry; and metal working
  • Chemical and petrochemical
  • Light industry
  • Food industry
Average temperatures in Belarus
  • Average temperatures vary across Belarus.In January, temperatures avg from -4.5°C to -8°C. In July the average temperature is +17°C to +18.5°C.
  • Some parts of Belarus experience sub-zero temperatures for more than a third of the year.
Rain and snow in Belarus
  • Belarus has an average annual rainfall of 600-700 mm. 70% of the rain falls from April to October.
  • Belarus also enjoys 75-125 days of snow each year, with falls ranging from 15 to 30cm.
 
Where exactly is Belarus?
Belarus is situated in the centre of Europe, and has international borders with five countries:
  • Russia
  • Ukraine
  • Poland
  • Lithuania
  • Latvia
Although a landlocked state, the location has made Belarus an important trade and transport route between Europe and the CIS. The total land area of Belarus is more than 207,000 square kilometers.
 
What is the capital of Belarus?
Minsk, the capital of Belarus, is located in the centre of the country.
Minsk today is a modern international city. The first recorded mention of the city goes back to 1067.
Over the course of its chequered history, Minsk has been destroyed and rebuilt numerous times, most recently after World War 2, when it was almost completely destroyed.
More than 1.8 million people live in Minsk today. It has excellent transport links including Minsk airport, several major train stations, the Minsk metro underground network, and a well-developed road system.
 
What are the main regions of Belarus?
The country of Belarus is divided into six administrative districts, each centred around a major city:
  • Brest region
  • Gomel region
  • Grodno region
  • Minsk region
  • Mogilev region
  • Vitebsk region
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